Economists are divided over the growth projections in the latest Economic Survey, with some saying that the assumptions are realistic while others holding that a big capital expenditure (capex) by the government will be needed to realise the forecasts.
Earlier in the day, Chief Economic Adviser KV Subramanian projected an 11% growth for 2021-22, aided by V-shaped recovery and a 7.7% contraction for the current year. It also projects a lower 6.8% growth in 2022-23.
The last growth contraction of 5.2% was seen in the financial year 1980.
The Survey said the agriculture sector is the only silver lining, while services, manufacturing and construction sectors are the most hit by the lockdown due to the pandemic.
“After an estimated 7.7% pandemic-driven contraction in 2020-21, real GDP is projected to grow 11% in 2021-22 and the nominal GDP to grow by 15.4%.
“These conservative estimates reflect the upside potential that can manifest due to the continued normalisation in economic activities as the roll-out of the pandemic vaccine gathers traction,” the Survey said.
However, Icra Rating Principal Economist Aditi Nayar feels that the numbers are a bit too optimistic and need real heavy-lifting by the Centre and the states.
“The survey forecasts on real and nominal GDP will require a substantial push from Central and state spending as private sector capacity expansion is anticipated to be intermittent, and sector-specific in the next couple of quarters,” she said.
Nayar added that private consumption is likely to chart a differentiated recovery across income and age groups.
Based on the comments made in the Survey, she expects the Union Budget to incorporate a growth in gross tax revenue of 15%-16%. It, in conjunction with a stiff target for the divestment proceeds, would allow the government to project a considerable expansion in spending, especially on capex, she added.
If gross domestic product (GDP) grows higher as projected, it will help government finances to revert to a sustainable fiscal trajectory over the medium term, Nayar noted.
She expects the Union Budget to target a fiscal deficit of 5% for 2021-22 and a gross gross borrowing of ₹11.7 lakh crore.
However, PwC India Leader (Economic Advisory Services) Ranen Banerjee said the projected growth targets are achievable, given the lower base of a 7.7% projected contraction in 2020-21.
Grant Thornton National Managing Partner (Tax) Vikas Vasal said the Survey challenges the status quo on many things and calls for bold policy measures, to achieve long-term sustainable growth.
It also sets the tone for the Budget to go aggressive on reforms, simplify tax and regulatory laws and ease of doing business, he added.
CBRE India Chairman Anshuman Magazine said that if infrastructure and industrial sectors get revived as projected, they will prove to be pivotal to the overall growth.